Domingo M. Braile
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc 2013;28(3):I-IIIPDF EN PDF PT VIDEO
Moacir Fernandes de Godoy
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc 2013;28(3):IV-IVPDF EN PDF PT
Luciane Alves da Rocha; Edward Araujo Júnior; Luciano Marcondes Machado Nardozza; Antonio Fernandes Moron
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc 2013;28(3):V-VIIPDF EN
Roberto Gomes de Carvalho
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc 2013;28(3):315-316Abstract PDF EN
An app in the area of Aortic Diseases (ascending aortic aneurysm) was developed. This article offers a brief introduction about the information received and transmitted in the app and the process through which it was developed as well as its contents.
Keywords: Aneurysm. Heart/surgery.
Fábio Antonio Gaiotto; Caio B. Vianna; Fábio F Busnardo; José R. Parga; Luis Alberto de Oliveira Dallan; Luis A. M. Cesar; Noedir A. G. Stolf; Fabio B. Jatene
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc 2013;28(3):317-324Abstract PDF EN
INTRODUCTION: The descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery is an option for coronary artery bypass grafting.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the early patency and adaptation of lumen diameter using multidetector computed angiotomography.
METHODS: Thirty-two patients were selected to undergo coronary artery bypass grafting using the descending branch of the lateral circumflex artery, the internal thoracic artery, and other grafts. Evaluations were carried out through high resolution computed tomography performed on the 7th and 90th postoperative day. Diameters of the descending branch of the lateral circumflex artery and the left internal thoracic artery were measured 3 cm before the distal anastomosis, in the middle portion, and 3 cm after the proximal anastomosis. Diameters were compared using paired t-test (P<0.05).
RESULTS: Descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery wDescending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery was used in 26 patients, as its use was not viable in six patients (18%). It was used as composite graft in all cases. The anterior descending branch was revascularized by the left internal thoracic artery in all cases. Patency rates of the descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery were 96% and 92%, respectively. No occlusions were observed in the left internal thoracic artery (LITA) and no ischemic events were observed in the descending branch of the lateral circumflex. Descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery increased the lumen diameter in the middle (P=0.001) and distal portions (P=0.006); the left internal thoracic artery (LITA) increased in the middle portion (P=0.001).
CONCLUSION: Similar to the left internal thoracic artery, the descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery showed high patency rate and positive luminal adaptation. This early evaluation confirms the descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery as a potential alternative for grafting. Due to anatomical variations, preoperative femoral angiographic evaluation appears to be mandatory.
Keywords: Tomography. Myocardial revascularization. Coronary disease.
Rodrigo Milani; Paulo Roberto Slud Brofman; Sergio Oliveira; Luiz Patrial Neto; Matheus Rosa; Victor Hugo Lima; Luis Fernando Binder Binder; Aline Sanches
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc 2013;28(3):325-330Abstract PDF EN PDF PT
INTRODUCTION: Reoperations of the mitral valve have a higher rate of complications when compared with the first surgery. With the field of video-assisted techniques for the first surgery of mitral valve became routine, reoperation cases began to arouse interest for this less invasive procedures.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the results and the technical difficulties in 10 patients undergoing minimally invasive redo mitral valve surgery.
METHOD: Cardiopulmonary bypass was installed through a cannula placed in the femoral vessels and right internal jugular vein, conducted in 28 degrees of temperature in ventricular fibrillation. A right lateral thoracotomy with 5 to 6 cm in the third or fourth intercostal space was done, pericardium was displaced only at the point of atriotomy. The aorta was not clamped.
RESULTS: Ten patients with mean age of 56.9 ± 10.5 years, four were in atrial fibrilation rhythm and six in sinusal. Average time between first operation and reoperations was 11 ± 3.43 years. The mean EuroSCORE group was 8.3 ± 1.82. The mean ventricular fibrillation and cardiopulmonary bypass was respectively 70.9 ± 17.66 min and 109.4 ± 25.37 min. The average length of stay was 7.6 ± 1.5 days. There were no deaths in this series.
CONCLUSION: Mitral valve reoperation can be performed through less invasive techniques with good immediate results, low morbidity and mortality. However, this type of surgery requires a longer duration of cardiopulmonary bypass, especially in cases where the patient already has prosthesis. The presence of a minimal aortic insufficiency also makes this procedure technically more challenging.
Keywords: Minimally invasive surgical procedures, methods. Mitral valve, surgery. Surgical procedures minimally invasive. Video-assisted surgery. Cardiac surgical procedures.
Rogério Valentim Gelamo; Eva Cláudia Venâncio de Sene; Luciana Paiva; Cristina da Cunha Hueb Barata de Oliveira; André Luiz Maltos; Wido H. Schreiner; Mário Bica de Moraes; Alfredo R. Vaz; Stanislav A. Moshkalev; Daniel Ferreira da Cunha
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc 2013;28(3):331-337Abstract PDF EN
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of the reprocessing technique of enzymatic bath with ultrasonic cleaning and ethylene oxide sterilization on the chemical properties and morphological structure of polymeric coatings of guide wire for regular guiding catheter.
METHODS: These techniques simulated the routine of guide wire reprocessing in many hemodynamic services in Brazil and other countries. Samples from three different manufacturers were verified by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy.
RESULTS: A single or double sterilization of the catheters with ethylene oxide was not associated with morphological or chemical changes. However, scanning electron microscopy images showed that the washing method was associated with rough morphological changes, including superficial holes and bubbles, in addition to chemical changes of external atomic layers of polymeric coating surfaces, as detected by the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy method, which is compatible with extended chemical changes on catheter surfaces.
CONCLUSION: The reprocessing of the catheters with ethylene oxide was not associated with morphological or chemical changes, and it seemed appropriate to maintain guide wire coating integrity. However, the method combining chemical cleaning with mechanical vibration resulted in rough anatomical and chemical surface deterioration, suggesting that this reprocessing method should be discouraged.
Keywords: Cardiac catheterization. Health knowledge, attitudes, practice. Diagnostic techniques, cardiovascular. Equipment reuse.
Tatiana Satie Kawauchi; Patricia Oliva de Almeida; Karen Rodrigues Lucy; Edimar Alcides Bocchi; Maria Ines Zanetti Feltrim; Emilia Nozawa
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc 2013;28(3):338-346Abstract PDF EN
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of two physical therapy exercise in-hospital programs in pulmonary function and functional capacity of patients in the postoperative period of heart transplantation.
METHODS: Twenty-two heart transplanted patients were randomized to the control group (CG, n=11) and training group (TG, n=11). The control group conducted the exercise program adopted as routine in the institution and the training group has had a protocol consisting of 10 stages, with incremental exercises: breathing exercises, resistance training, stretching and walking. The programs began on the first day after extubation and stretched until hospital discharge. Assessed pulmonary function, distance walked in six minutes walk test (6MWT) and peripheral muscle strength by one repetition maximum test (1RM).
RESULTS: Similar behavior was observed between the two groups treated, with statistically significant increases between the first and second test of the following variables: FVC (59% in CG and 35.2% in TG); MIP (8.6% in CG and 53.5% in TG), MEP (28.8% in CG and 40.7% in TG) and 6MWT (44.5% in CG and 31.4% in TG). There was an increase of peripheral strength by 1RM test, over time, to the muscle groups of the elbow flexors, shoulder flexors, hip abductors and knee flexors.
CONCLUSION: Heart transplant patients benefit from exercise programs in hospital, regardless of the program type applied. A new training proposal did not result in superiority compared to routine programme applied. Exercise protocols provided improves in ventilatory variables and functional capacity of this population.
Keywords: Heart transplantation. Rehabilitation. Physical therapy modalities.
André Rodrigues Durães; Milena Andrade Oliveira Durães; Luis Claudio Correia; André Mauricio Souza Fernandes; Roque Aras Júnior
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc 2013;28(3):347-352Abstract PDF EN
INTRODUCTION: There is still much debate regarding the kind of antithrombotic therapy in the immediate postoperative period of bioprosthesis replacement (first three months). Thus, the authors consider relevant to determine the contemporary incidence of thromboembolic events in rheumatic patients early after implantation of aortic and mitral bioprosthesis replacement (first 90 days in the post-operative period) and perform a comparison between isolated Aspirin uses versus no-antiplatelet therapy, in this same context.
METHODS: Between the period of January 2010 to July 2012, all consecutive rheumatic patients, with basal sinus rhythm, who performed mitral and aortic valve replacement with bioprosthesis (pericardial bovine), were included in this prospective cohort study, 184 patients in total. The primary endpoint evaluated were the rate of embolic events.
RESULTS: In the first 30 days, there were three cerebral ischemic events among patients treated in Aspirin group (5.2%) compared with two events in patients without Aspirin therapy (1.7%), HR = 3.18; 95% CI 0.5 to 19.6; P=0.33. Between 31 and 90 days postoperatively, no patient had a primary outcome. The embolism-free survival, bleeding events and the overall survival were not statistically significant between the aspirin and no-antiplatelet groups.
CONCLUSION: In conclusion, in this prospective cohort of rheumatic patients, we found a low and very rare incidence rate of embolic events during the first 90 days postoperative period in mitral and isolated aortic position, respectively. The use of aspirin did not significantly reduce the rate of thromboembolism.
Keywords: Aspirin. Stroke. Bioprosthesis. Rheumatic heart disease.
Elayne Kelen de Oliveira; Aída Luiza Ribeiro Turquetto; Pedro Luiz Tauil; Luiz Fernando Junqueira Jr.; Luiz Guilherme Grossi Porto
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc 2013;28(3):353-363Abstract PDF EN
INTRODUCTION: Characteristics of the patient and the coronary artery bypass grafting may predispose individuals to prolonged hospitalization, increasing costs and morbidity and mortality.
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate individual and perioperative risk factors of prolonged hospitalization in intensive care units and wards.
METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of 104 patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting with cardiopulmonary bypass. Patients hospitalized >3 days in the intensive care unit or >7 days in the ward were considered for the study. The association between variables was estimated by the chi-square test, odds ratio and logistic regression; P <0.05 was considered statistically significant.
RESULTS: Hospital stay >3 days in the intensive care unit occurred for 22.1% of patients and >7 days in the ward for 27.9%. Among preoperative factors, diabetes (OR=3.17) and smoking (OR=4.07) were predictors of prolonged intensive care unit stay. Combining the pre-, intra-and postoperative variables, only mechanical ventilation for more than 24 hours (OR=6.10) was predictive of intensive care unit outcome. For the ward outcome, the preoperative predictor was left ventricular ejection fraction <50% (OR=3.04). Combining pre- and intraoperative factors, diabetes (OR=2.81), and including postoperative factors, presence of infection (OR=4.54) were predictors of prolonged hospitalization in the ward.
CONCLUSION: Diabetes and smoking were predictors of intensive care unit outcome, and ejection fraction <50% of ward outcome. For the set of perioperative factors, prolonged hospitalization after isolated coronary artery bypass grafting was associated with mechanical ventilation >24 hours for the intensive care unit and presence of infection for the ward.
Keywords: Risk factors. Myocardial revascularization. Hospitalization.
Natália Pereira Dos Santos; Rodrigo Martins Mitsunaga; Daniel Lago Borges; Marina de Albuquerque Gonçalves Costa; Thiago Eduardo Pereira Baldez; Ilka Mendes Lima; Karol Cristina Fonseca Moura; Josimary Lima da Silva Lula
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc 2013;28(3):364-370Abstract PDF EN
INTRODUCTION: Hypoxemia is a frequent pulmonary complication in the postoperative coronary artery bypass graft. Detection of factors associated with their occurrence may indicate patients at risk for this complication, which allows tracing specific therapeutic and consequently reduce morbidity and mortality.
OBJECTIVE: To identify related factors to hypoxemia occurrence in immediate coronary artery bypass graft postoperative.
METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we studied 100 patients submitted to elective om-pump artery bypass graft , between April 2010 and December 2011, at a reference university hospital for cardiac surgery in the state of Maranhão. It was considered hypoxemia gas exchange ratio less than or equal to 300 mmHg. Associated variables with perioperative hypoxemia were defined by the Student T test, G or Mann-Whitney tests, Chi-square, or Fisher's exact test and multiple linear regression.
RESULTS: Among studied variables, high body mass index (P=0.036) and smoking (P=0.024) were significantly associated with hypoxemia in the immediate coronary artery bypass graft postoperative. Hypoxemia incidence in this period was 55% and did not affects mechanical ventilation duration and Intensive Care Unit lengh of stay.
CONCLUSION: In this sample, body mass index and smoking were associated to hypoxemia. These data reinforce the importance of clinical assessment to identify patients at risk for this complication, considering its high incidence in immediate postoperative period.
Keywords: Oxygen level. Postoperative period. Myocardial revascularization.
Fernando Tadeu Vasconcelos Amaral; Alfredo José Rodrigues; Paulo Henrique Manso; André Schmidt; Maria Fernanda Kolachinski; Clovis Carbone; Ricardo Nilson Sgarbieri; Walter Vilela de Andrade Vicente
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc 2013;28(3):371-379Abstract PDF EN
OBJECTIVE: To report the institution experience with the surgical treatment of adults with congenital heart disease due to the increasing number of these patients and the need for a better discussion of the subject.
METHODS: Retrospective analysis describing demographic data, risk factors and results.
RESULTS: 191 patients between 16 and 74 years old were operated on. Primary correction was done in 171 cases, 93 (55%) for atrial septal defect repair. Among 20 (12%) reoperations, pulmonary valve replacement was done in six cases. The mean intensive care and hospital stay were 2.7 and 8.5 days respectively, significantly greater for the reoperated cases (P=0.001). The mean bypass and clamping times were 68.6 and 44.7 minutes respectively, greater for the reoperated cases (P<0.0001 and P=0.0003 respectively). Hospital mortality was 4.2% and male sex, functional class III-IV and older age at operation were predictive risk factors. Significant complications were more frequent in the reoperated cases (P<0.003), mainly atrial flutter and fibrillation. Among 183 patients discharged, 149 (82%) are being followed and atrial flutter and fibrillation are common. The mean functional class value improved significantly after operation (1.66 to 1.11; P<0.0001). The estimated survival was 96.2% in six years.
CONCLUSION: Heart surgery in adults with congenital heart disease can be accomplished with low mortality and functional class improvement. Immediate and late complications are frequent. Multicenter studies are important to better characterize this patient population in the country.
Keywords: Heart defects, congenital. Adult. Cardiac surgical procedures.
Daniel Lago Borges; Vinícius José da Silva Nina; Marina de Albuquerque Gonçalves Costa; Thiago Eduardo Pereira Baldez; Natália Pereira Dos Santos; Ilka Mendes Lima; Eduardo Durans Figuerêdo; Josimary Lima da Silva Lula
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc 2013;28(3):380-385Abstract PDF EN
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of different levels of positive end-expiratory pressure on respiratory mechanics and oxygenation indexes in the immediate postoperative period of coronary artery bypass grafting.
METHODS: Randomized clinical trial in which 136 patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting between January 2011 and March 2012 were divided into three groups and admitted to mechanical ventilation with different positive end-expiratory pressure levels: Group A, 5 cmH2O (n=44), Group B, 8 cmH2O (n=47) and Group C, 10 cmH2O (n=45). Data about respiratory mechanics were obtained from mechanical ventilator monitor and oxygenation indexes from arterial blood gas samples, collected twenty minutes after intensive care unit admission. Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and patients submitted to off-pump, emergency or combined operations were not included. For statistical analysis, we used Kruskal-Wallis, G and Chi-square tests, considering results significant when P<0.05.
RESULTS: Groups were homogeneous in terms of demographic, clinical and surgical variables. Patients ventilated with positive end-expiratory pressure of 10 cmH2O (Group C) had best compliance (P=0.04) and airway resistance values, this, however, without statistical significance. They also had best oxygenation indexes, with statistical difference in all analyzed variables, and lower frequency of hypoxemia (P=0.03).
CONCLUSION: Higher levels of positive end-expiratory pressure in immediate postoperative period of coronary artery bypass grafting improved pulmonary compliance values and increased oxygenation indexes, resulting in lower frequency of hypoxemia.
Keywords: Positive end-expiratory pressure. Respiratory mechanics. Oxygenation. Myocardial revascularization.
Renato Tambellini Arnoni; Daniel Chagas Dantas; Antoninho Arnoni; Caetano Nigro Neto; Camilo Abdulmassih Neto
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc 2013;28(3):386-390Abstract PDF EN
INTRODUCTION: The use of plates and screws for more rigid fixation of the sternum, without maintaining contact between the upper portion of the sternum and mediastinum. The present study seeks new choice of plate with a significant difference, the same does not need to be removed in order to proceed to open when necessary sternal emerging opening of the bone.
OBJECTIVE: The current study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of this procedure.
METHODS: To this end, we selected ten patients with coronary artery disease have shown no significant risk factors for mediastinitis. The surgery was thus performed in the usual way that all patients with coronary artery disease surgeries are done at the institution. Only at the time of sternal closure is that there was a change, with the combination of steel wires and plates.
RESULTS: All cases had sternal closure properly with good outcome in the medium term.
CONCLUSION: The use of plates ENGIMPLAN proved safe and effective for sternal closure.
Keywords: Coronary artery bypass. Titanium. Sternum. Bone Plates. Bone Screws.
Carolina Pelzer Sussenbach; João Carlos Guaragna; Rômulo Soares Castagnino; Jaqueline Piccoli; Luciano Cabral Albuquerque; Marco Antônio Goldani; João Batista Petracco; Luiz Carlos Bodanese
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc 2013;28(3):391-400Abstract PDF PT PDF EN
INTRODUCTION: Coronary artery bypass graft is often the treatment of choice for patients who suffer from unstable angina. We do not know whether this condition adds morbidity in this scenario.
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft with unstable angina framework with patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft showed no unstable angina.
METHODS: Retrospective cohort study. Unstable angina was defined as acute coronary syndrome without ST elevation and without enzymatic alteration and/or class IV angina.
RESULTS: Between February 1996 and July 2010, to 2,818 isolated coronary artery bypass graft performed, 1,016 (36.1%) patients had unstable angina. Multivariate analysis showed that patients with preoperative unstable angina used more medications such as acetylsalicylic acid, beta-blocker, heparin (anticoagulation), nitrate and less need for diuretics than patients without unstable angina. Patients with unstable angina used increased monitoring with Swan-Ganz and support with intra-aortic balloon than stable patients. On outcomes, required longer hospitalization (P=0.030) and had a lower death rate (P=0.018) in the post-coronary artery bypass graft alone.
CONCLUSION: Submit patients to coronary artery bypass graft in the presence of acute coronary syndrome such as unstable angina did not increase the mortality rate.
Keywords: Angina, Unstable. Myocardial revascularization. Mortality.
João Roberto Breda; Diego Felipe Gaia; Murilo Macedo; Pedro Motta; Márcio Martins; Daniel Alves; Andre Luppi; José Honório Palma
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc 2013;28(3):401-404Abstract PDF EN PDF PT
Despite recent advances in acute heart failure treatment, actual results remain limited in refractory cardiogenic shock. Temporary ventricular assist devices have emerged as an alternative in this serious and challenging medical. The purpose of this communication is to present a case of refractory cardiogenic shock, underwent temporary left ventricular assistance device implantation, progressing to right ventricular failure and conversion to biventricular support.
Keywords: Shock, cardiogenic. Ventricular dysfunction, right. Ventricular dysfunction, left.
Nathan Valle Soubihe Junior; Andre Schmidt; Agnes Afrodite Sumarelli Albuquerque; Paulo Roberto Barbosa Evora
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc 2013;28(3):405-407Abstract PDF EN
The instrument has a locking mechanism and is composed of an external needle with blunt tip, with multiple 0.5 mm diameter holes. Internally it is fitted with a mandrill needle, which can be mobilized inside occluding or releasing the lateral holes. The procedure for producing micro lesions is done by exchanging the blunt mandrill for a brush-mandrill, provided with micro bristles that are structurally designed to fill the holes with small exteriorization of bristles. As an option to brush mandrill there is a second self-expandable feather shaped mandrill.
Keywords: Stem cells. Myocardial infarction. Biopsy. Myocardium.
Mário Augusto Cray da Costa; Mário Rodrigues Montemor Netto; Joelmir Colman; Gabriela Cordeiro da Costa
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc 2013;28(3):408-411Abstract PDF EN PDF PT
A 47-year-old woman was admitted with a history of dyspnea on mild exertion as her only symptom. Clinical exam, laboratory tests, and electrocardiography were normal. Chest X-ray demonstrated right hemithorax base mass, and CT scan revealed a well-defined cystic mass measuring approximately 11.3 x 10.6 x 10.9 cm, suggesting the diagnosis of pericardial cyst. The patient underwent right thoracotomy for resection of the cyst. The patient's progress- was uneventful. The result of histopathological examination, contrary to expectations, revealed thymic cyst.
Keywords: Mediastinal cyst. Thymus gland. Thoracotomy.
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
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Kavita Kirankumar Patel; Mauricio Rocha e Silva
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