Luís Alberto O. DALLANI
This cross-sectional study started in 2015, including 2,292 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and cataloged in the BYPASS registry, aiming to constitute an institutional database on CABG in Brazil. The main objective was to analyze the profile, risk factors, results and surgical strategy employed in these patients.
It is noteworthy the small number of patients included (2,292), which shows little adherence to the registry. In addition, we know that even with a voluntary presentation, more complex patients with very bulky data are more difficult to report. As a comparison term, DATASUS sources show that 226,629 isolated CABG surgeries were performed in a 10-year period in Brazil (Jan 2008 to Feb 2018), with or without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).
The results of the study presented by the authors demonstrate well our reality: 42.5% were diabetic and 71% had previous acute myocardial infarction. An important information that I consider excellent, but out of a reality for all the cases performed in Brazil, is that 32.9% of the patients went through the "heart time". Probably the discussion promoted between the clinician and the interventional cardiologist was complemented by the surgeon.
Most CABGs were performed with CPB (87%) and cardioplegic arrest (95.2%), and the mean number of vessels treated was three. Only 6.9% of the operated patients received bilateral internal thoracic grafts, which is in agreement with the international databases, although there is great regional variation.
I consider the observed mortality (2.8%) low, close to that reported by STS (about 2.3%). At InCor-São Paulo, in 2018, 595 patients underwent CABG. The overall mortality was 3.9%, but when only elective and isolated CABG were considered, this percentage fell to 1.9%.
I salute the authors for the importance and relevance of the topic addressed. We know that records like the one proposed allow us to create a database that helps us better understand the difficulties and improve the results.
I leave some questions to Dr. Rodrigo: How do you explain such low mortality? What is the actual adjusted score of these patients (STS, Euroscore) and the evaluation of the data quality in relation to the accuracy? That is, if they are moderate or high-risk patients, better still. Did the mortality occur within 30 days or was in-hospital?
I close once again emphasizing that quality improvement programs in surgical patient care have been positively increasing the results of CABG surgery.
1. Paez RP, Hossne Junior NA, Santo JADE, Berwanger O, Santos RHN, Kalil RAK, et al. Coronary artery bypass surgery in Brazil: analysis of the national reality through the BYPASS registry. Braz J Cardiovasc Surg. 2019;34(2):142-8. doi:10.21470/1678-9741-2018-0313.
The BYPASS Registry: Coping with our forthcoming needs
Rodrigo Pereira Paez1, MD; Nelson Américo Hossne Junior1, MD, MSc; José Amalth do Espírito Santo2, MD; Otavio Berwanger2, MD, PhD; Renato Hideo Nakagawa Santos2, MD; Renato Abdala Karam Kalil3, MD, MSc, PhD; Fabio B. Jatene4, MD, PhD; Alexandre Biasi Cavalcanti2, MD, PhD; Alexandre Cabral Zilli5, MD; Luiz Carlos Bettiati Jr5, MD; Fernando Augusto Marinho dos Santos Figueira6, MD; Stephanie Steremberg Pires D’Azevedo6, RN; Marcelo José Ferreira Soares7, MD; Marcio Pimentel Fernandes7, MD; Roberto Vito Ardito8, MD; Renata Andrea Barberio Bogdan8, MD; Valquíria Pelisser Campagnucci9, MD, MSc, PhD; Diana Nakasako9, MD; Clarissa Garcia Rodrigues3, RN, MSc, PhD; Anilton Bezerra Rodrigues Junior10, MD; Marcelo Matos Cascudo10, MD; Fernando Antibas Atik11, MD, PhD; Elson Borges Lima11, MD; Vinicius José da Silva Nina12, MD, PhD; Renato Albuquerque Heluy12; Lisandro Gonçalves Azeredo13, MD; Odilon Silva Henrique Junior13, MD; José Teles de Mendonça14, MD, PhD; Katharina Kelly de Oliveira Gama Silva14; Marcelo Pandolfo15, MD; José Dantas de Lima Júnior15, MD, MSc; Renato Max Faria16, MD; Jonas Gonçalves dos Santos16, MD; Guilherme Henrique Biachi Coelho17, MD; Sergio Nunes Pereira18, MD; Roberta Senger18, RN; Enio Buffolo19, MD, PhD; Guido Marco Caputi19, MD, PhD; Juliana Aparecida Borges de Oliveira2, RN; Walter J. Gomes1, MD, MSc, PhD; and the BYPASS Registry Study Group
We thank the comments of Professor Dallan on our paper. Comprehensive national registries on medical procedures are an established necessity, then the reason for existence of the Bypass project.
Much like other similar databases, the beginning was troubled with budget constraints and restrictive participation of dedicated centers. Nonetheless, the project is gaining traction with guidelines from medical societies categorically stating that active participation in national registries or approved surgical database is essential and a condition for delivery of high-quality cardiovascular care in myocardial revascularization and valvular heart disease[2,3]. Additionally, establish a tool for understanding the real figures for the cardiovascular surgery practice in our country and develop strategies for improvements in quality and excellence.
Addressing the pertinent inquiries, the relative low mortality is clearly related to the quality of the selected centers involved so far and perhaps to the individual characteristics of patients referred for this treatment in our mean. A further study to clarify this aspect is in the pipeline. Also, the recently reformed BYPASS’ datasheet for data collection has incorporated the EuroSCORE risk model, which is likely to provide valuable information in stratifying outcomes accordingly.
Of note, the number of patients inserted in the BYPASS database has doubled in the last two years, with the perception by the surgical teams that their data is protected, the possibility of scientific production and the prospects of implementing continuous improvement processes.
Rodrigo Pereira Paez1, MD
1Hospital São Paulo, Escola Paulista de Medicina da Universidade Federal de São Paulo, (EPM – UNIFESP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
2Instituto de Pesquisa do Hospital do Coração (IP – HCor), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
3Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul – Fundação Universitária de Cardiologia, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
4Cardiovascular Surgery Division, Instituto do Coração do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (InCor-HCFMUSP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
5Hospital de Caridade São Vicente de Paulo, Jundiaí, SP, Brazil.
6Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira (IMIP), Recife, PE, Brazil.
7Hospital de Base – FUNFARME e FAMERP, São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil.
8Instituto de Moléstias Cardiovasculares (IMC), São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil.
9Irmandade da Santa Casa de São Paulo (INCT-HPV/Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Santa Casa de São Paulo), São Paulo, SP, Brazil
10Instituto do Coração de Natal, Natal, RN, Brazil.
11Instituto de Cardiologia do Distrito Federal, Brasília, DF, Brazil.
12Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Maranhão (HU/UFMA), São Luís, MA, Brazil.
13Hospital Evangélico, Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, ES, Brazil.
14Hospital do Coração de Sergipe, Aracaju, SE, Brazil.
15Instituto de Cirurgia Cardiovascular (ICCV)/Hospital Nossa Senhora da Salete, Cascavel, PR, Brazil.
16Hospital Wilson Rosado, Mossoró, RN, Brazil.
17Hospital Bosque da Saúde, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
18Hospital Universitário de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.
19Hospital do Coração (HCor), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
1. Paez RP, Hossne Junior NA, Santo J, Berwanger O, Santos RHN,Kalil RAK, et al. Coronary artery bypass surgery in Brazil: analysis of thenational reality through the BYPASS registry. Braz J Cardiovasc Surg.2019;34(2):142-8. doi:10.21470/1678-9741-2018-0313. [MedLine]
2. Neumann FJ, Sousa-Uva M, Ahlsson A, Alfonso F, Banning AP,Benedetto U, et al. 2018 ESC/EACTS Guidelines on myocardial revascularization.Eur Heart J. 2019;40(2):87-165. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehy394. [MedLine]
3. Nishimura RA, O’Gara PT, Bavaria JE, Brindis RG, Carroll JD,Kavinsky CJ, et al. 2019 AATS/ACC/ASE/SCAI/STS expert consensus systems of caredocument: a proposal to optimize care for patients with valvular heart disease:a joint report of the American association for thoracic surgery, Americancollege of cardiology, American society of echocardiography, society forcardiovascular angiography and interventions, and society of thoracic surgeons.Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2019;94(1):3-26.doi:10.1002/ccd.28196. [MedLine]
4. Gomes WJ, Kalil RA, Jatene FB. Brazilian registry ofcardiovascular surgery in adults fully operational. Braz J Cardiovasc Surg.2016;31(2):II. doi:10.5935/1678-9741.20160040.