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ARTIGO ORIGINAL

Octogenários: resultados de 3659 necropsias (12 anos de observação)

José Carlos R IgléziasI; Artur Lourenção JrI; Luís Alberto DallanI; Paulo Sampaio GutierresI; José Antônio F RamiresI; Noedir A. G StolfI; Sérgio Almeida de OliveiraI; Geraldo VerginelliI; Adib D JateneI

DOI: 10.1590/S0102-76381993000100004

RESUMO

No InCór, no período compreendido entre janeiro de 1978 e dezembro de 1990, foram realizadas 3659 necropsias, das quais 106 relativas a pacientes com idade > 80 anos. Destes, 55 (51,88%) eram do sexo masculino e 51 (48,11%) do feminino. A média de idade foi igual a 83,66 (80 a 93 anos). Dentre os principais sintomas (Gráfico 3) apresentados figuravam: a angima do peito em 40,56%, a dispnéia em 25,47% e a síncope em 8,49 deles. Em 47,16% dos pacientes os sintomas haviam se iniciado a mais de seis meses. Dentre os sistemas desencadeantes dos óbitos (Gráfico 1), encontramos o cardiovascular em 74,52%, o respiratório em 10,37%, o digestivo em 9,43%, o nervoso em 1,88%, o urinário em 1,88% e outros em 1,88%. Entre os óbitos cardiovasculares (Gráfico 2), 56,96% foram devidos a coronariopatia, 12,65% a miocardiopatia, 10,12% devido aos aneurismas da aorta e 8,86% atribuídos às arritmias. Baseados na casuística prévia e considerando: 1) que o sistema cardiovascular foi o maior determinante dos óbitos (74,52%); 2) que as coronariopatias foram responsáveis por 56,96% dos óbitos cardiovasculares; 3) que a revascularização convencional neste grupo tem mortalidade atual de 8,5%; 4) que a angioplastia primária foi bem sucedida em 93,2%, concluímos que ambas, a qualidade e a expectativa de vida, podem ser melhoradas trazendo o octogenário para próximo do médico, ou reduzindo o intervalo entre suas avaliações.

ABSTRACT

Between January 1978 and December 1990, 3659 autopsies were performed in our Institution, of which 106 of the patients were > 80 years old. Of these patients, 55 (51.88%) were male and 51 (48.11%) female, and the mean age was 83.66 (80 to 93) years old. The main symptoms presented prior to death were: angina in 40.56%, dyspnea in 25.47%%, and syncope in 8.49% of the patients. In 47.16% the symptoms had begun more than six months before. The systems related to the cause of death were found to be: cardiovascular in 74.52%, respiratory in 10.37%, digestive in 9.43%, nervous in 1.88%, urinary in 1.88% and others in 1.88%. Among the cardiovascular deaths: 56.96% were due to coronary artery disease, 12.65% due to myocardiopathy, 10.12% due to thoracic aortic aneurysm and 8.86% were atributed to arrythmias. It was considered that: the cardiovascular system was the major determinant of death in 74.52%, coronary disease was responsible for 56.96% of the cardiovascular deaths, standard revascularization in this group has a mortality rate of 8.5% and that primary angioplasty has had a success rate of 93.2%. It was therefore concluded that the patients of at least 80 years old should be maintained near their physician or the time between their medical check-up be reduced in order to significantly improve their quality and expectancy of life.
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Article receive on domingo, 28 de março de 1993

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